Changing Site Appearance
In the administrative settings you can modify the appearance of the theme in three ways:
- Find a prefabricated theme provided by the Drupal community or get one on a third-party website and modify the theme settings
- Copy an existing theme and then change or extend the code
- Build a complete theme from scratch (For doing this you need to copy files from core theme and place it under sites/all/themes and do the necessary changes on .info, template, tpl and css files.)
What else can you do?
Themes make Drupal websites beautiful – and Themers are the bridge between the science of code and the art of design.
You can do more with a theme than change the appearance of an entire site. It is also possible to "theme" specific sections of a site, certain types of content, or even individual pages or a particular regions. For example, your theme could specify a different look for just the front page of your site or your theme could specify a different look for just the particular regions like sidebar first,header etc.
Some other things that you can do with a theme:
- Change layouts, regions, images and fonts.
- Hide or display fields based on user role.
- Dynamically respond to changes in content or user input.
- Modify or replace text (e.g. labels or attributes) and variables generated by modules.
- It's also possible to port open source designs between other systems (Joomla! templates, WordPress themes, etc.) and Drupal, or convert any website layout or template into a Drupal theme.
- Create a sub-theme. Your own version of a theme (existing or one that you create) that you can modify, while protecting the functionality of the original (base-theme) for update purposes creating a sub-theme.
Other Places to Explore
- Overview of theme files - Structure of Drupal 6 and Drupal 7 themes files individually https://drupal.org/node/171194
- Definitive Guide to Drupal 7 Theming - (Theming and Advanced Theming chapters from the Definitive Guide to Drupal 7) free online: http://themery.com/dgd7
- Installing Themes - To install existing, contributed themes, please visit Installing themes.
- Contributed Themes - Free Contributed themes at drupal.org. See demos of some of them at Theme Garden. Drupal 7 themes can be previewed at drupal7themes.arxic.com.
- Custom Themes - Unique custom themes created by Drupal designers that you can hire.
- Theming Tutorials - View a number of theming videos which guide you through common scenarios.
- Support - Having problems? Check the troubleshooting FAQ, in the theming forum or contact us on IRC @ #drupal-themes.
- Module Developer's Guide - Module developers can consult the module developer's guide, specifically Using the theme layer (Drupal 7.x) and (Drupal 6.x).
- HTML and CSS techniques - See the best practices page.
- Sass techniques - See the Sass Techniques and tools.