This module is an adaptation of the Similar By Terms module, but using an entityreference field instead of taxonomy to determine similarity. For instance, if the node you are viewing has a reference to an image, other nodes that reference the same image will be listed as 'Similar' content. This module uses Views to create its database queries and display its results so that you can define what fields to show, additional sorting, filters, displays, etc.

Set Up

To set things up add an entityreference field to the nodes which you'd like to show similarity and then add a number of related values to your content.

Once you have identified the entityreference field that will be used to compare similarity, visit admin/build/views. You'll find a view called "Similar By References". You can override the default view to customize the block or clone it if you want to create a new view.

Edit the view. Expand the 'Advanced' section to find the settings for contextual filters. Edit the 'Similar By References: Entityreferences in Content' filter, and look for the option 'Limit similarity to references from these fields', where you can select the entityreference field that the filter should use. Save the filter and the view with these changes.

Then visit admin/build/block add the 'Similar By References' Block to the page. This block will *only* appear on node pages and it will list other content similar to this node based on the value in an entityreference field. The block will also not appear if the node has no entityreference values associated with it.

Views Integration

If you would like to customize this block or create a new view listing content by similarity, look at the following:

Contextual filters

Similar to what? First off, Similar By References needs to know what node it is going to show stuff similar to. This is done through the "Contextual filters" section of the Views interface. Adding *"Similar By References: Entityreferences in Content"* here will allow you to pass in a node id. You can usually set this to 'Provide default argument' > 'Content ID from URL' if you want to show a block on the same page as a node, or a tab on the node page. The settings here will also allow you to limit similarity to values in specific entityreference fields and you can choose whether to show the original node in the listing or not.

Sort criteria

Similar By Reference's magic happens in the "Sort criteria". Simply add *"Similar By References: Similarity"* as your first sort criteria and results will be sorted by similarity to the node given as an argument to the view. Set sort order to "Descending" to show most similar stuff at the top. You may also want to provide secondary sorting, so that nodes with the same number of common terms are sorted either alphabetically, or by date.


There's also a field titled *"Similar By References: Similarity"* which shows the commonality between the values associated with the listed nodes and those of the node being passed in as an argument. This can be output either as a percentage (recommended), or as a raw count of the number of terms which the nodes have in common. This field is particularly useful in testing to make sure that you've got everything set up correctly.

Keep in mind that the more values used, the better for finding similarity. However, more values will create slower database queries. Be sure to cache blocks and Views output where possible.


Given node (passed as argument):
Node 1
References: A, B, C, D, E, F
(6 references total)

Node 2
References: [B, C, D, E, F,] G
(5 references in common with given = similarity 83%)
Node 3
References: [A, B, C, D, E,] H
(5 references in common = similarity 83%)
Node 4
References: [B, C, D, F,] I, J, K, L, M
(4 references in common = similarity 67%)
Node 5
References: [A, B, C]
(3 references in common = similarity 50%)
Node 6
References: [A, B,] J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q
(2 references in common = similarity 33%)

Other Notes

Since this is a Views plug-in, it is possible to create listings of related images, videos, or just about anything which you can show with Views.

This module has been designed to be used with any type of entity supported by the entityreference field. Entities other than nodes are not heavily tested yet. Please report problems on the project issue queue.

Project information