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If a module provides a hook for declaring a new "component" (bundle, plugin, etc), then it needs to have a hook_modules_enabled() implementation that clears the static caches for those components, if a module providing a new component has been enabled.
Examples: search_api_modules_enabled(), rules_modules_enabled(), ctools_modules_enabled(), etc.
Even commerce_payment_modules_enabled() follows this convention.
For example, we have hook_commerce_customer_profile_type_info(). Shipping uses it to provide a "shipping" customer profile type.
But since commerce_customer_modules_enabled() doesn't clear the commerce_customer_profile_types static, calling commerce_customer_profile_types() before a page reload gives you an array with only "billing".
This breaks drush site-install in many cases, because it installs all modules in one go (no reloads).
As far as I can see, the problem exists in: customer, order, line_item, product submodules.