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Use the Synaptic Package Manager from the System->Administration menu to find and install the following packages :
- mysql-server (a metapackage to install the latest version)
- apache2 (another metapackage)
- php5 (yet another...)
- libgd2-xpm (the GD library)
This installs drupal in /usr/share/drupal, so you will need to create a virtual host or edit /etc/apache2/sites-available/default to point to this directory.
To do this open terminal from Applications>Accessories and type
gksudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/default
and replace the path that contains www (by default)
For Clean URLs to work, AllowOverride All should be enabled for directory /usr/share/drupal in /etc/apache2/sites-available/default - /usr/share/drupal should be set as the DocumentRoot in the same file.
The installation of MySQL and phpmyadmin will involve setting up a root password for MySQL - the install procedure should prompt you for this, and the phpmyadmin install will ask for it too.
To enable the Apache rewrite module -
sudo a2enmod rewrite
To increase PHP memory to a more drupal-friendly value, open a terminal and execute
sudo gedit /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini
Change memory_limit to 128M then restart Apache
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
now go to http://localhost/drupal6/install.php and enjoy!!