How to package a distribution on Drupal.org
So you want to provide a Distribution on Drupal.org? Great! The Drupal.org packaging system will take the code for a project, assemble it into an easily downloadable format, and post it to the project's pages on Drupal.org.
Here are the steps:
- Assemble the pre-requisites
- Create a Drush Make file
- Convert to a Drupal.org-specific Drush Make file
- Build and verify it works
- Commit your code to Git
- Release your code on Drupal.org
- Maintain your distribution
Step 1: Pre-requisites
- Drush 5.x+.
- Drupal.org Drush, a Drush extension which is required for running tests on makefiles.
- Installation instructions.
- A full project node on Drupal.org, of project type "Distribution".
Step 2: Drush Make file
A Drush Make file is essentially a "recipe" that explains how to gather up all of the dependencies for a Drupal installation.
See Full example drupal-org.make file for a working example of all valid properties supported by Drupal.org's packaging system. You can either create/edit these by hand, or you can auto-generate one in seconds by changing into any working Drupal site's root directory and running the command:
drush generate-makefile drupal-org.make
Drush make will inspect your current install and write a
drupal-org.make file with the latest stable releases for all of the modules/themes it finds.
TODO: Except for.
Edit this file and remove the
projects[drupal][version] = "X" line.
If present, also remove the lines referencing your profile itself:
; Profiles projects[your_profile_name][type] = "profile"
Step 3: Converting to a Drupal.org-specific Drush Make file.
Once you have a valid Drush Make file, the next step is to convert it to one suitable for Drupal.org packaging. The Drupal.org version is essentially the same as a normal Drush Make file, but with a few important differences explained at Drupal.org distribution packaging requirements.
Verify make file
Update: You need drupalorg_drush, install instructions at
To check whether your make file is Drupal.org-compatible, run the following command:
If you run
drush verify-makefile with no arguments, it will search for a
drupal-org.make file (and optionally a
drupal-org-core.make file) in the current directory and validate those for you. If you want to verify another .make file to see if it would work as a
drupal-org.make file, you can provide the filename like so:
drush verify-makefile foo.make
Note that you must resolve all errors before proceeding. See Common Drush Make errors and their solutions for some common errors and how to fix them.
If all goes well, you should see the following output from Drush:
Makefile drupal-org.make passed. [ok]
If your distribution requires patches to Drupal core, a -dev release, a checkout of a specific Git revision, or anything more complicated than an official release of core, you need to define how core should be built in a separate file called
drupal-org-core.make. For example, it might look something like this:
api = 2 core = 7.x projects[drupal][version] = 7.12 projects[drupal][patch] = http://drupal.org/files/issues/992540-3-reset_flood_limit_on_password_reset-drush.patch projects[drupal][patch] = http://drupal.org/files/issues/object_conversion_menu_router_build-972536-1.patch
Step 4: Build it yourself
Although most potential errors will by caught by
drush verify-makefile, certain errors will only appear when you actually try to build the
.make file itself. The most obvious example of this is when the make file refers to patches that no longer apply. Even if they live on drupal.org (the requirement for including them in
drupal-org.make at all) you don't know if they apply until you have the code they're trying to patch. That requires actually building the make file, not just verifying the contents (which is all
verify-makefile can do).
So, you're going to want to run Drush Make like the Drupal.org packaging system does to make sure there aren't any final errors:
drush make --drupal-org drupal-org.make temp-directory
If you've got a
drupal-org-core.make file, you should try building that, too:
drush make --drupal-org=core drupal-org-core.make temp-core-directory
Step 5: Commit
Follow the instructions on your project page's "Version Control" tab to clone your Git repository. You'll need to add the
drupal-org.make file (and optionally the
drupal-org-core.make file if you need it) to the root directory:
git clone --branch 7.x-1.x [yourname]@git.drupal.org:project/[project].git cd [project] mv /path/to/drupal-org.make . git add drupal-org.make git commit -m "Drupal.org make file"
No copies of existing contributed projects should be checked in to the Git repository. As a profile maintainer, all you have to check in to Git is the drupal-org.make file, and the packaging script will automatically assemble core and all of the contrib modules and themes, external libraries, and patches it references when creating the downloadable file archives for a given release.
However, custom modules, features, and themes that are specific to the installation profile and not useful as stand-alone projects are managed differently. You can commit all profile-specific custom code to
themes/ directly inside the profile project's Git repository, and this will all show up at
/profiles/profile_name/themes/ when packaged with Drush make.
You can organize contrib and custom in subdirectories of
themes/ with any name you choose, such as
features, etc. For example, you can use
drupal-org.make attributes like
projects[views][subdir] = contrib which tell the packaging script to place contrib modules in
modules/contrib/. You can then directly commit custom modules to
modules/custom/ and custom features to
Step 6: Release
drupal-org.make file (and optionally any custom code and/or a
drupal-org-core.make file) is committed to the Git repository and pushed to git.drupal.org, create a release for your project in the typical way. The packaging system looks in a profile's main directory (the same directory your
.profile file is located) for the drupal-org.make file -- if it finds the file, then it will package the contents of the file with the profile.
Step 7: Maintaining your distribution
Fixme: Add information about: Documentation. Support. Security/maintenance fixes.
Example of fully packaged distribution DAF
1. Sharing screenshot of DAF distribution directory that contains all important files needed at time of packaging.
2. build-daf.make (optional file): This file is used when you have more complex distribution code.
3. drupal-org-core.make file: Defined core version of Drupal.
4. drupal-org.make file: Contains Contributed modules information.
5. Add custom modules into /modules directory if exists.
6. Similarly, add custom themes into /themes directory if exists.
7. Build the distribution using the same process used on Drupal.org, for that created
build.sh file under
8. If required, we can test it before move on for final packaging:
Validated these files by DRUSH
drush verify-makefile command, It shows me following result.
Makefile drupal-org.make passed. [ok] Starting Drupal.org core makefile validation, please wait [ok] Makefile drupal-org-core.make passed. [ok]
drush make --drupal-org=core drupal-org-core.make test_core_dirdrush make --drupal-org=core drupal-org-core.make daf_core
Success: This command created "daf_core" directory contains whole core code. It means this command is also working fine for us.
drush make --drupal-org drupal-org.make daf_contributed
Success: This command created "daf_contributed" folder that contains whole contributed modules define in
Now we are ready to go and can go with above Step 5: Commit that pushes the code on git. Finally add release and packaging would be build without any issue. If there is any issue with your code directory or you don't validate your
.make can face following issue during packaging.
Another example with Profile Builder
Profiler Builder is a module for automating the creation of installation profiles and distributions.
Distribution Name: foo
Profiler Builder module generates the following files for you:
Now, do some manual changes here:
Step 1: Look into foo.make.example file and look for
; +++++ TODO modules without versions +++++.
Step 2: Locate these "without versions" modules from the master distribution site, that are either not published on drupal.org or custom modules, and place them in the in same directory inside a custom folder(modules/foo). This is the same we followed in the first example above as for custom modules and themes.
Step 3: If needed, Create
build.sh file and do the required changes in this. We can copy this file from any existing distribution available on drupal.org.
Step 4: Now you are done with this and you can contribute your distribution on drupal.org including your custom modules.